Contraceptive Use: 76.7% (DHS 2007, ever use any modern contraceptive method among ever married women)
Registered LNG-EC products:
- Emcon - Available over the counter without having to go through a pharmacist
- Postinor-2* - Available over the counter without having to go through a pharmacist
Products marked with * have been approved by a stringent regulatory authority, such as the WHO Prequalification Programme, the US Food and Drug Administration, the European Medicines Agency, or other.
Where at least one type of ECP is available: Public sector clinics, Private clinics, Pharmacies, IPPF-affiliated system, Community health distribution
Age restrictions for accessing ECPs: No
Legal/regulatory documents in which EC is included: National FP Norms, Essential Medicines List
Other relevant information: In 2001 the Government of Bangladesh introduced EC into the National Family Planning Program and between 2003 and 2004, trained 44,774 providers and trainers in the provision of EC. This program was a joint effort between the Directorate General for Family Planning, the FRONTIERS Program of the Population Council, and UNFPA. Field workers, NGO providers, pharmacists, nurses, and physicians are all permitted to provide emergency contraception. Regulations allow it to be sold directly to women without a prescription. With rare exceptions, EC was not found to be available as part of post-rape care in either hospitals or police stations in Bangladesh. Providers in hospitals and police stations report having received little or no training regarding post-rape care, and while some believed that there are existing guidelines for care, none had ever seen such a document.
Bangladesh's 2008 Essential Medicines List does not include EC.
EC distributed via IPPF outlets (5,000 - 10,000 in 2012).
In Bangladesh, the lowest cadre of health workers allowed to sell/dispense ECPs in the public sector is auxiliary nurses. The lowest cadre of health workers allowed to sell/dispense ECPs in the private sector is community health workers. (Data as of 2013.) (USAID/DELIVER, Contraceptive Security Indicators, 2013)
In 2013, EC was procured by the government. No stock-outs were reported at the central level (JSI/Deliver data).
For more information, see below: