Below are selected partner publications that provide additional information about EC. For more materials on EC, please visit The Emergency Contraception Website, run by the Office of Population Research at Princeton University & the Association of Reproductive Health Professionals or the Emergency Contraceptive Pills page, run by K4Health.
- Emergency Contraception Factsheets
- Emergency Contraception Access & Awareness
- Emergency Contraception Laws & Policies
- Emergency Contraception & Youth
- Emergency Contraception & Sexual Assault
- Emergency Contraception in Emergency & Crisis Settings
- Emergency Contraception Training Resources
- Additional Family Planning & Reproductive Health Resources
Emergency Contraception Factsheets
These leaflets on EC were developed for use by health providers, community-based distribution agents, and pharmacists in the Democratic Republic of the Congo when counseling their patients or clients (created by the Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs and ICEC, working closely with the National Reproductive Health Program).
Contraceptive Evidence: Questions and Answers
This document was developed by the Population Reference Bureau to assist men and women in choosing a contraceptive method based on scientific evidence and to assist program staff and policymakers in fulfilling those needs. It provides responses to frequently asked questions on a range of contraceptive methods including hormonal and permanent methods, emergency contraception, IUDs, and fertility awareness-based methods.
WHO Fact Sheet: Emergency Contraception
This fact sheet provides an overview of WHO recommendations for emergency contraception, which includes LNG ECPs and copper IUDs. Information on when these methods should be used, their mechanism of action, efficacy and safety are explained (created by the World Health Organization).
Fact Sheet: Emergency Contraception (EC)
This fact sheet is a guide to LNG and UPA EC pills and includes information on how they work, their effect on the body, and how to access them in the U.S (created by the Reproductive Health Access Project).
Product Brief: Emergency Contraceptive Pills
In this brief, RHSC notes EC pills’ mechanism of action, efficacy, current program/sector use, manufacturers/suppliers, registration status, and public sector price agreements (created by the Reproductive Health Supplies Coalition).
Fact Sheet for Parents and Adolescents: Emergency Contraception
This fact sheet is a guide to EC pills and includes information on which options are available, their mechanisms of action, and how to access ECPs in the U.S (created by the American Academy of Pediatrics).
It’s Not Too Late to Prevent Pregnancy አማርኛ – العربية – ខេមរភាសា – 中国 – English – Français – Kreyòl Ayisyen – 한국어 – ພາສາລາວ – Português – Русский – Soomaali – Español – Tiếng Việt
This client brochure provides a basic overview of EC pills and directs potential users to additional resources, including the Not-2-Late website (created by PATH).
Emergency Contraception Access & Awareness
Panorama da Contracepção de Emergência no Brasil [Overview of Emergency Contraception in Brazil] by Brazilian Health Institute (organized by Regina Figueiredo, Ana Luiza Vilela Borges, Silvia Helena Bastos de Paula) English/Português 2016 This e-book, which was published by the Health Institute of Brazil, presents information on and discusses topics specific to EC access in Latin America in general and Brazil in particular. Topics discussed range from knowledge and use of EC among adolescents to pharmacists’ views on EC to how EC is being portrayed in the Brazilian press. The first chapter, titled “A Global Assessment of Emergency Contraception Accessibility,” was written by Elizabeth Westley and Jamie Bass of ICEC and Cristina Puig of ECEC.
Medical barriers to emergency contraception: a cross-sectional survey of doctors in North India
by ME Khan, Anvita Dixit, Isha Bhatnagar, and Martha Brady English 2014 This article presents the results of a study undertaken to assess ECP knowledge, attitudes, and practices among doctors in North India. Many of those surveyed did not know that there are no contraindications to using ECPs, and many had negative attitudes about ECP users. Most were against having ECPs available over-the-counter and wanted to impose age restrictions. Efforts are needed to address such misconceptions that might lead to limiting ECP availability.
Social Marketing of Emergency Contraception: An Overview of PSI’s EC Programs Worldwide
This program brief provides an overview of PSI’s work to distribute EC through social marketing programs worldwide including Pakistan, Zimbabwe, Myanmar, Nigeria, Côte D’Ivoire, Paraguay, Tanzania, and Cambodia (created by Population Services International).
Mainstreaming Emergency Contraception Pills in Kenya
This policy brief presents the results of an initiative to improve access to emergency contraception (EC) in Kenya and ensure that adequate information is provided to all users; and discusses strategies to further strengthen provision of EC in Kenya (created by Population Services International and the Population Council).
Emergency Contraception: The Story of a Global Reproductive Health Technology
Ed. by Angel M. Foster and L.L. Wynn
English (this links to the book’s website, which will direct you on how to purchase)
This book analyzes the introduction of emergency contraceptive pills in 14 countries and contexts, and examines how EC has been influenced by activism and opposition among a wide range of social, cultural, religious and political landscapes.
Mainstreaming Emergency Contraception: A Report on the Compton Foundation’s Emergency Contraception Initiative 2002-2007
In 2002, the Compton Foundation launched a major initiative to increase awareness of and access to emergency contraception worldwide, with an emphasis on US, Latin American, and African efforts. More information about this initiative, its success in mainstreaming EC, and the work that remains to secure access to EC for low income women everywhere can be found in this report (created by the Compton Foundation).
ECafrique Bulletin: Defining Quality of Care
This French and English bulletin discusses topics surrounding EC, including quality assurance, youth access, and hospital compliance as well as country updates for Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Uganda, and Zimbabwe (created by the Population Council).
ECafrique Bulletin: In the Private Sector?
This French and English bulletin discusses topics surrounding EC, specifically how the private sector can increase access to EC services across Africa as well as country updates for Ghana, Guinea Conakry, Kenya, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Uganda, and Zimbabwe (created by the Population Council).
Emergency Contraception: The Need to Increase Public Awareness
The Guttmacher Institute, in the first article in a series on EC, explains how EC is used, and reviews actions to take to raise awareness of EC among both consumers and providers (created by The Alan Guttmacher Institute).
Emergency Contraception: Steps Being Taken to Improve Access
As the second article in a series on EC, the Guttmacher Institute examines efforts to overcome the logistical and political barriers that currently prevent many women from accessing EC (created by The Alan Guttmacher Institute).
ECafrique Bulletin: Ex Africa semper aliquid novi
This French and English bulletin discusses topics surrounding EC, including promotion, expanding access, and research as well as country updates for Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, and Zambia (created by the Population Council).
From Secret to Shelf: How Collaboration is Bringing Emergency Contraception to Women
Barbara Pillsbury, Francine Coeytaux, Andrea Johnston
This report chronicles the journey of EC from “America’s best kept secret” to its “off-the-shelf availability” (created by the Pacific Institute for Women’s Health).
Emergency Contraception Laws & Policies
Harmonizing National Abortion and Pregnancy Preventions Laws and Policies for Sexual Violence Survivors with the Maputo Protocol
This meeting report details results of a three-day regional technical meeting in April 2016, convened by the Population Council, the World Health Organization (WHO), and the International Consortium for Emergency Contraception (ICEC). The regional meeting was the first activity in a joint project of technical assistance by the Population Council, WHO and ICEC, aimed at strengthening access to EC and safe abortion for survivors of sexual violence within the context of comprehensive post-rape care. This meeting was building on the meeting participating countries to meet their obligations under the Maputo Protocol, to protect and promote the reproductive health rights of women and girls.
Sexual health, human rights and the law
This report from the WHO demonstrates the relationship between sexual health, human rights and the law. Drawing from a review of public health evidence and extensive research into human rights law, the report shows how states in different parts of the world can and do support sexual health through legal and other mechanisms that are consistent with human rights standards and their own human rights obligations. Recommendations are made to remove barriers to EC and to ensure EC is available to adolescents.
Governments Worldwide Put Emergency Contraception into Women’s Hands: A Global Review of Laws and Policies
This report from the Center for Reproductive Rights tracks emergency contraception laws and legal issues around the world (created by the Center for Reproductive Rights).
Emergency Contraception & Youth
From Childhood to Woman: Meeting the Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Adolescent Girls English
This fact sheet briefly analyzes adolescent girls’ specific sexual and reproductive health needs as well as disparities in teen girls’ access to services and education (created by the United Nations Population Fund).
Adolescents and Emergency Contraceptive Pills in Developing Countries
This working paper provides insight on the importance of ECPs for adolescents, addresses common barriers and concerns regarding adolescent ECP provision and use, and analyzes a case study of social marketing provision in Venezuela (created by Family Health International).
ECafrique Bulletin: EC and Young People
This French and English bulletin discusses topics including EC and youth as well as country updates for Congo Kinshasa, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Kenya, Senegal, South Africa, Tunisia, Uganda and Zambia (created by the Population Council).
In this publication, the AAP addresses the issue of adolescent pregnancy in the U.S. and provides guidelines on EC use for teens. To read an updated AAP statement on EC, published in 2012, please click here (created by the American Academy of Pediatrics).
Youth Friendly Pharmacy Program Implementation Kit: Guidelines and Tools for Implementing a Youth-Friendly Reproductive Health Pharmacy Program
English – Español
This kit, based on PATH’s work with pharmacies in three countries, focuses on how to provide youth with reproductive health information related to unprotected intercourse (created by PATH).
Emergency Contraception & Sexual Assault
Every Hour Matters Campaign Resources
Every Hour Matters After Rape Infographic on EC & PEP
English – Español – Français – Kiswahili
A Call to Post-Rape Care
English – Español – Français – Kiswahili
What National Leaders Need to Know About Post-Rape Care
English – Español – Français – Kiswahili
Key Considerations for Creating a National Post-Rape Care Campaign
English – Español – Français – Kiswahili
Resources for Post-Rape Care
English – Español – Français – Kiswahili
The Every Hour Matters campaign aims to increase awareness about the critical importance of quickly accessing post-rape care and calls on national and community leaders to ensure comprehensive services are available in all communities (created by Together for Girls, along with PAHO, WHO, UN Women, Women Deliver, Save the Children USA, Care International, Child Helpline International, Jhpiego, SafeTrek, BD, and Cummins & Partners).
Responding to intimate partner violence and sexual violence against women: WHO clinical and policy guidelines
These guidelines offer evidence-based guidance to health care providers to respond to intimate partner and sexual violence against women, including the provision of emergency contraception as part of comprehensive, women-centered care for survivors of sexual assault (created by the WHO).
Global and regional estimates of violence against women: Prevalence and health effects of intimate partner violence and non-partner sexual violence
This WHO report provides global and regional estimates of violence against women, including prevalence and health effects of intimate partner violence and non-partner sexual violence (created by the WHO).
The Clinical Management of Children and Adolescents Who Have Experienced Sexual Violence: Technical Considerations for PEPFAR Programs
These technical considerations provide guidance to primary health providers on the care of children and adolescents who have experienced sexual violence and exploitation. EC provision to all children, dependent on country legality and national protocols, is included in the guiding principles (created by PEPFAR).
A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations: Adults/Adolescents
The protocol offers guidance to health care and criminal justice providers to respond to the immediate needs of sexual assault survivors, including specific guidance for the provision of emergency contraception (created by the U.S. Department of Justice Office on Violence Against Women).
Multi-country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence against Women
This study on the prevalence of violence against women and girls encourages appropriate health sector response to sexual assault survivors (created by the World Health Organization).
Emergency Contraception in Emergency & Crisis Settings
The Minimum Initial Service Package (MISP)
English – Français – Español
In this document, IAWG outlines the importance and objectives of the Minimum Initial Service Package for Reproductive Health. Emergency contraception is highlighted as an important element of MISP, and the document stresses that it should be made available to survivors of rape and those who wish to avoid an unintended pregnancy following unprotected sexual intercourse (created by The Inter-Agency Working Group (IAWG) on Reproductive Health in Crises).
Inter-Agency Reproductive Health Kits for Crisis Situations
This health kit offers guidelines for emergency contraception use in crisis settings as a part of rape treatment or family planning (created by the United Nations Population Fund).
Emergency Contraception for Conflict-Affected Settings: A Reproductive Health Response in Conflict Consortium Distance Learning Module
English – Français – Español – Português – پښتو – မြန်မာ
RHRC’s learning module regarding EC in crisis settings is designed for providers working in conflict-affected situations who wish to learn about EC and to incorporate EC into their reproductive health programs (created by The Reproductive Health Response in Crisis Consortium).
ECafrique Bulletin: EC and Care for Sexual Assault
This French and English bulletin discusses topics surrounding EC, specifically those that relate to sexual assault and sexual violence as well as country updates for Congo, Kenya, Mali, Senegal, South Africa, Tchad, and Uganda (created by the Population Council).
The New Emergency Health Kit 98: Drugs and Medical Supplies for 10,000 People for Approximately 3 Months
This document provides basic health materials and guidelines for managing healthcare, including reproductive health, in crisis settings (created by the World Health Organization).
Emergency Contraception Training Resources
Electronic EC Wheel
Published by the European Consortium for Emergency Contraception in May 2016, this tool was initially conceived for use in Europe, where most countries have had all oral EC methods available directly from the pharmacy since 2015. The EC wheel is based on WHO and the UK Faculty of Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare recommendations for EC use. The methods included are the copper IUD and levonorgestrel and ulipristal acetate EC pills. Recommendations are provided based on which method is preferable to use in a number of circumstances. Clarifications and brief recommendations on additional protection after EC use and QuickStart are included on the back of the wheel (created by the European Consortium for Emergency Contraception).
Emergency Contraceptive Pills (ECP)
English (for providers) – English (for pharmacists)
Français (pour les prestataires) – Français (pour les pharmaciens)
This module on emergency contraceptive pills (ECP) is designed for the providers in developing countries who most often are tasked with providing FP services—primarily nurses and nurse-midwives, as well as primary care physicians and in some cases pharmacists—and assumes trainees will have at minimum level of clinical training. The training materials are designed to be used by clinical trainers and pre-service educators with a thorough understanding of adult learning principles and the ability to provide clinical training on ECPs in pre-service or in-service settings (created by The Training Resource Package for Family Planning).
Clinical Care for Sexual Assault Survivors: A Multimedia Training Tool
The goal of this tool, which consists of a comprehensive DVD-based curriculum and printable Facilitator’s Guide, is to train health care providers in low-resource settings in order to improve the quality of care received by survivors of sexual assault.The program is intended for both clinical care providers and non-clinician health facility staff, is easily adaptable, and has been implemented and evaluated in various contexts, including refugee camps in Kenya and Ethiopia, urban refugee settings in Jordan, and post-conflict settings in the DRC (created by the International Rescue Committee with production by the UCLA Center for International Medicine).
Emergency Contraceptive Pills, Second Edition
This training manual for health care providers offers a comprehensive approach to educating nurses, physicians, and midwives on EC. The manual takes into account local and cultural practices and traditions (created by Pathfinder International).
Emergency Contraception Issue Module
The Kaiser Family Foundation’s module on EC include an EC background brief, key data, policy research, presentations, and a list of key organizations (created by The Kaiser Family Foundation).
Resources for Emergency Contraceptive Pill Programming Toolkit
English (complete manual) – Español (complete manual)
This is a comprehensive and highly detailed toolkit to help policy makers, program planners, donors, and family planning providers introduce EC in developing counties. It gathers materials from a range of organizations (including ICEC) and includes evidence-based information and guidance for advocacy and awareness-raising as well as tools for assessment, forecasting and procurement, provider training, client information, and evaluation (created by PATH).
For easier downloading, use these eleven smaller files:
Introduction English – Español
Module A: Information for Policy Makers English – Español
Module B: Cost Considerations English – Español
Module C: Raising Public Awareness English – Español
Module D: Informing Clients English – Español
Module E: Assessment English – Español
Module F: Regulation and Procurement of a Progestin-Only ECP English – Español
Module G: The Option of Providing Combined Oral Contraceptives as ECPs English – Español
Module H: Provider Training English – Español
Module I: Evaluation English – Español
Appendices A and B: Emergency Contraceptive Pills: Medical and Service Delivery Guidelines and Website Resources English – Español
Additional Family Planning & Reproductive Health Resources
Scaling Up Lifesaving Commodities for Women, Children, and Newborns: An Advocacy Toolkit
This toolkit provides information about the UN Commission on Life-Saving Commodities for Women and Children, its 13 priority commodities (which include emergency contraception), and examples of how its ten recommendations to improve access and availability are being applied globally and within countries. The toolkit provides advocacy resources for utilizing the Commodities Commission platform to raise awareness and engage stakeholders in addressing commodity-related gaps in global and national plans, policies, and initiatives, as well as providing strategic input to advance the implementation of recommendations (created by PATH in conjunction with the UN Commission on Life-Saving Commodities for Women and Children).
State of the World Population 2012: By Choice, Not By Chance: Family Planning, Human Rights and Development
English – Français – Русский – العربية – Español
UNFPA’s 2012 report announces for the first time that access to family planning services is a universal human right. The report calls on countries, organizations, and civil societies to “include emergency contraception in the range of supplies available through family planning programmes” (created by the United Nations Population Fund).
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